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Definitions of Crimes

Criminal homicide

a. Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another. Deaths caused by negligence, attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, and justifiable homicides are excluded. Justifiable homicides are limited to (1) the killing of a felon by a law enforcement officer in the line of duty; and (2) the killing of a felon, during the commission of a felony, by a private citizen.

b. Manslaughter by negligence the killing of another person through gross negligence. Traffic fatalities are excluded. While manslaughter by negligence is a Part I crime, it is not included in the Crime Index.

Forcible rape

The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. Included are rapes by force and attempts or assaults to rape. Statutory offenses (no force used - victim under age of consent) are excluded.

Robbery

The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.

Aggravated assault

An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. Simple assaults are excluded.

Burglary

breaking or entering-The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. Attempted forcible entry is included.

Larceny-theft (except motor vehicle theft)

The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another. Examples are thefts of bicycles or automobile accessories, shoplifting, pocket-picking, or the stealing of any property or article which is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Attempted larcenies are included. Embezzlement, confidence games, forgery, worthless checks, etc., are excluded.

Motor vehicle theft

The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. A motor vehicle is self-propelled and runs on the surface and not on rails. Specifically excluded from this category are motorboats, construction equipment, airplanes, and farming equipment.

Arson

Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, publicbuilding, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.

Other assaults (simple)

Assaults and attempted assaults where no weapon is used and which do not result in serious oraggravated injury to the victim.

Forgery and counterfeiting

Making, altering, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false in thesemblance of that which is true. Attempts are included.

Fraud

Fraudulent conversion and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. Confidence games and bad checks,except forgeries and counterfeiting, are included.

Embezzlement

Misappropriation or misapplication of money or property entrusted to one's care, custody, or control.

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing

Buying, receiving, and possessing stolen property, including attempts.

Vandalism

Willful or malicious destruction, injury, disfigurement, or defacement of any public or private property, real orpersonal, without consent of the owner or persons having custody or control. Attempts are included.

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.

All violations of regulations or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing,furnishing, and manufacturing of deadly weapons or silencers. Attempts are included.

Prostitution and commercialized vice

Sex offenses of a commercialized nature, such as prostitution, keeping a bawdyhouse, procuring, or transporting women for immoral purposes. Attempts are included.

Sex offenses (except forcible rape, prostitution, and commercialized vice)

Statutory rape and offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. Attempts are included.

Drug trafficking

State and/or local offenses relating to the unlawful sale, cultivation, and manufacturing of controlled substances.

Drug possession

State and/or local offenses relating to the unlawful possession and use of controlled substances.

Gambling

Promoting, permitting, or engaging in illegal gambling.

Offenses against the family and children

Nonsupport, neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. Attempts are included.

Driving under the influence

Driving or operating any vehicle or common carrier while drunk or under the influence ofliquor or narcotics.

Liquor laws

State and/or local liquor law violations except drunkenness and driving under the influence. Federal violations are excluded.

Drunkenness

Offenses relating to drunkenness or intoxication. Driving under the influence is excluded.

Disorderly conduct

Breach of the peace.

Vagrancy

Begging, loitering, etc. Includes prosecutions under the charge of suspicious person.

All other offenses

All violations of state and/or local laws except those listed above and traffic offenses.

Suspicion

No specific offense; suspect released without formal charges being placed.

Curfew and loitering laws

(persons under age 18) Offenses relating to violations of local curfew or loitering ordinanceswhere such laws exist.

Runaways

(persons under age 18) Limited to juveniles taken into protective custody under provisions of local statutes.

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Page Last Modified: April 20, 2007