U.S. Census Bureau
The principal source of periodic demographic data. Major programs include the Census of Population and Housing (decennial census) and the Intercensal Demographic Estimates. The Census Bureau's current demographic statistics program provides information on the number, geographic distribution, and social and economic characteristics of the population, including official estimates of income and poverty, estimates of health insurance coverage and homeownership rates, and a quarterly indicator of housing vacancies. The principal source of periodic economic data. Conducts several periodic censuses every five years, covering the years ending in two and seven and major programs include the Economic Census and Census of Governments. The Census Bureau's current economic statistics program provides information on retail and wholesale trade and selected service industries; construction activity, such as housing permits and starts, the value of new construction, residential alterations and repairs, and quarterly price indices for single-family houses; quantity and value of industrial output, such as manufacturing activities; shipments, inventories, and orders; capital expenditures; e-commerce sales; foreign trade, including imports, exports, and trade monitoring; health insurance coverage; and state and local government activities. The Census Bureau also maintains the Business Register, which is used for statistical sampling frames and the production of aggregate data on County Business Patterns and Statistics of U.S. Businesses.
(CEN) Dept of Commerce